The Temple Mount, along with the entire Old City of Jerusalem, was designated as an antiquities site immediately after the Six Day War. By authority of the Antiquities Law and the site’s designation as an antiquities site, all activities on the Temple Mount, including construction, demolition, the depositing of earth or any other change to the antiquities requires permission in writing from the Israel Antiquities Authority (see Paragraph 29a).
Because the site is also a religious site, any action of this kind also requires authorization from a special ministerial committee (see Paragraph 29c).
From the law:
29. Prohibited activities on an antiquity site:
(A) No person shall carry out, or allow to be carried out, any of the following actions on an antiquity site, save with the written approval of the Director [of the Israel Antiquities Authority] and in accordance with the conditions thereof:
(1) Construction, paving, the erection of a facility, quarrying, mining, drilling, flooding, the removal of stones, plowing, planting or burial;
(2) Dumping of earth, manure, waste or refuse, including the dumping thereof on property adjoining the site;
(3) Any alteration, repair or addition to an antiquity located on the site;
(4) Dismantling of an antiquity, the removal of part thereof or the relocation thereof;
(5) Inscribing, carving or painting;
(6) Erection of buildings or walls on adjoining property;
(7) Any other action as designated by the Director in respect of a particular site.
(B) Notice of the designation of an action under paragraph (7) of subsection (A) shall be published in Reshumot [official government gazette].
(C) When an antiquity site is used for a religious purpose or is devoted to a religious purpose, the Director shall not approve digging or any of the actions enumerated in subsection (a) save with the approval of a ministerial committee consisting of the education minister as chairman, the minister of religious affairs and the minister of justice.
Inspectors of the Antiquities Authority are empowered to halt any action carried out without authorization of the IAA within the boundaries of an antiquities site.
To see the entire law, click here